I participated in an event yesterday that was hosted in part by the FBI and to focus was around the threat to corporate America from China and the "Made in China 2025" policy. The end result is that China will do anything to achieve its goal to become the world power by unfair practices by any means, stealing it, buying it or making you give it to them.
One of the more public Chinese blatant stealing US Intellectual knowledge was Sinoval stealing software for wind turbines from AMSC, which nearly destroyed the company which its value dropped nearly in 1/2 in one day after the theft was made public. The way they extorted someone into giving the Chinese state the software code was something else (do the research). https://money.cnn.com/2018/01/25/technology/china-us-sinovel-theft-conviction/index.html .
On the IT Security side, the scary part as a service provider recommending technologies to our clients, most if not all the security and components for servers etc. are manufactured in China. Understanding China's goal to become the world leader it isn't a big leap to see the state forcing manufacturers to put in back doors to gain access to sensitive data. This would certainly make it much easier to gain access to (IP) Intellectual property.
Most of the information was classified and cannot be discussed but there is plenty of information out there that can be easily found online. I am interested in others comments on the topic.
Here is a good place to start for more information. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Made_in_China_2025
By Kyle Elworthy, CISSP, Founder of Network Essentials, a Managed Technology Service provider serving clients headquartered in Charlotte, NC since 2002